Telling the Rival’s Story: March comes in like a lion vs Teppu

I started thinking about the similarities in March comes in like a lion and Teppu, of all things. They both deliberately tell a story with main characters who fit the “rival” archetype in sports anime much more than they fit the protagonist archetype. They both tell a story from the Classic Anime Rival’s point of view, and because of that, the story feels unusual and a lot of the classic sports anime tropes are messed with.

And this isn’t supposition.


March pretty much acknowledges this reversal in the scene where Nikaido frames himself as a shonen protag who needs to defeat his rival Rei and… well, when you think about it, that is essentially correct.


Rei is aloof, cynical, super talented and winning constantly because of it…but his heart isn’t really in the game. He doesn’t get along with his peers very well. He’s definitely Classic Anime Rival material.


Meanwhile Nikaido is the scrappy underdog fueled by undying passion and the power of friendship who will keep playing until he collapses and inspires everyone around him.  He gets along well with others. He WOULD typically be the main character.


It’s the same for Natsuo and Yuzuko in Teppu, only to a different degree. Rei ‘s archetype is that of the more pleasant kind of rival who’s closed off rather than mean. He says he’s not the hero’s friend, but he kinda is even from the beginning. But Natsuo? She’s the nasty, hardcore rival archetype. She’s always been able to achieve the things others work at through effortless talent. She’s often “bored” by how easily she can get by and she constantly infuriates others with how lightly she takes them. She’s also violent, terrifying and has a personal mad-on for the hero.


Meanwhile, Yuzuko is explicitly noted to be the classic protagonist who got where she is with hard work! passion! determination! She’s the underdog without much talent who bridges the gap with her effort and optimism. She pulls off those surprise victories.

So both March and Teppu allow us to experience nearly an entire story told from the rival’s POV, but what new insights does this shift in focus show us? For both Rei and Natsuo, it’s lonely at the top, but this manifests in different ways.

Continue reading “Telling the Rival’s Story: March comes in like a lion vs Teppu”


Anifem Article- ‘The Courage to Speak’: Mental Illness and Recovery in Natsume’s Book of Friends

My article, ‘The Courage to Speak’: Mental Illness and Recovery in Natsume’s Book of Friends has been published on Anime Feminist! Check it out here.


I’m once again so grateful that Anime Feminist gave me the opportunity to publish this piece. I had a great time working with them as always.

I really poured a lot of myself into this one- a lot more than I expected I would- so I think it’s among my best as far as articles go. I put a ton of work and many, MANY hours into this. (Fun fact: I wrote the bulk of this while I was in Chicago to see Hamilton!)

On the way, I had some powerful realizations about myself and why this show resonated with me.

So this article ended up being about more than Natsume Yujinchou- I have some thoughts about how media and society in general approaches mental illness, abuse and recovery and why this show in particular stands out simply because it doesn’t sensationalize abuse and values recovery rather than reveling in suffering.

I hope this piece can encourage people to check this show out because it really is something special that connected with me on a deep level. I think others who have struggled with trauma, mental illness and abuse might feel the same. It’s a gentle but thoroughly emotional experience.

Even if you haven’t seen the show, I’d really appreciate if you read this piece! It’s special to me and if you’re interested in the experiences of someone struggling with mental illness and in how fiction engages in serious mental issues, you might get something out of it. Thank you.

Spring 2018 Anime Overview: Quick Summaries and Tumblr links

I watched six anime during the Spring 2018 anime season and I’ve now written full length reviews for each of them. So here are the anime I watched, ranked from weakest to strongest with the titles linking to my in-depth review of each series on tumblr. For all the reviews at once, please see this post here.

Believe it or not, I wouldn’t call any of the anime on this list bad- it was all enjoyable to a degree and I wouldn’t anti-recommend any of it. However, there were ups and downs with each one, and some of these series were weaker than others in my opinions, so I’m here to talk about why! Hope you enjoy and find it useful!

Click on the title of each anime to see my detailed review/overview of the series!

Cardcaptor Sakura: Clear Card (Episodes 14-22)


I’m sorry, Sakura, but I have no choice. I have to bite the bullet and admit it.

I did enjoy the second half of the Clear Card anime, in which our eponymous magical girl continues to protect the town from enchanted cards. It continued to be cute and pleasant and I’m all about the adorable and wonderful arc with Meiling, but if I’m honest, it was the weakest anime I watched this season. It was all poor pacing and zero payoff. The last episode had a big climactic reveal that finally allowed the main character to know who is messing with her life…then promptly undid it so she knew nothing again. Such a cheap move means I have to admit this was a weak season.

Doesn’t mean I won’t watch the next one though.



A classic-style boxing show set in a near-future dystopia, where scrappy underdog Joe fights to rise to the top.

Toward the end, I kinda started wanting to rank this one last, but while in my heart I’m all “eh” because it’s Not My Thing, in my head I know it’s a solid production that’s more cohesive overall than Clear Card was. The show started out with the potential to explore some strong character arcs and social themes, but kind of dropped all that for a by-the-numbers boxing story that lacked any real punch, if you forgive the pun. However, the soundtrack and aesthetic were top notch.

Golden Kamuy


In the aftermath of the Japanese-Russo War, veteran Sugimoto teams up with an Ainu girl named Asirpa to pursue dangerous criminals in the name of revenge and a golden reward.

This is a great, pulpy story full of fun characters and entertaining beats that will actually educate you about history and a marginalized culture while you have a good time! I would have ranked this one higher if it wasn’t so disappointing visually compared to its manga source material. While the show is great, the manga is a better experience overall, with a more thorough story and gorgeous art. However, I’m grateful to the anime for introducing me to this story, and if you can’t get ahold of the manga, definitely check out the show (though read my review to know what you’re getting into, content-wise).

My Hero Academia Season 3 (Episodes 1-13)


Izuku Midoriya continues training to follow in his idol’s footsteps to be the world’s greatest superhero, but things are thrown into chaos when villains invade their school training camp and take one of the students captive.

My Hero Academia’s flaws remain, such as poor treatment of female characters at times and the one character who remains an annoying black hole with no purpose but to aggravate me…but it also delivers some of its strongest episodes yet. The action is just incredible, gripping and visually striking. The emotions run high and hit hard. The character dynamics remain strong and great to watch as everyone continues to be tested. We get some real revelations and game changing moments and even civilian parents get their chance to shine. And it has one of my favorite tropes: Wacky Disguises.



A yakuza member’s life is thrown into chaos when he’s forced to adopt a superpowered girl and deal with her bizarre friends and acquaintances.

This pitch-perfect comedy offers wacky family dynamics, weird situations and subverts expectations at every turn. The cast of characters is varied and entertaining and serious issues like homelessness are actually touched upon with care and sympathy. The show can tug at your heartstrings one second and make you cackle the next and it thankfully never crosses any lines with its cast of young girls. One of the best shows of the season for sure.



A mild mannered red panda tries to navigate a crappy job and vents her rage through death metal in private.

This is probably tied with Hinamatsuri strength-wise (and Hinamatsuri’s animation is more detailed, though I think Aggretsuko’s simplistic style works for it) but on a personal scale it edges over it just slightly because the biting criticism of modern society it offers is exactly my jam. The show tackles issues like sexism in the workplace, suppression of the true self in the name of conformity, corporate exploitation of workers and societal expectations for romance. And it does it all in a funny, cute way that is just super relatable, especially to millennials. It offers hope while acknowledging that change is often slow and hard. And it offers a great range of characters who show surprising depth at times. I’d rec this anime to anyone and I’m very glad it exists! (even if its ultimate goal is to sell us Sanrio toys.)

Spring 2018 Anime Overview (Ordered from Weakest to Strongest)

Once again, the season has ended and it’s time to take an in-depth look at the six anime that I’ve watched. I enjoyed all of them, but some were stronger than others, so they’re in order of weakest to strongest.
Cardcaptor Sakura Clear Card Arc (Episodes 14-22)

I enjoyed Cardcaptor Sakura Clear Card quite a bit. I would by no means call it a bad experience. But it’s impossible to deny it’s the weakest anime I watched this season. The series is underwhelming and flawed, even if parts of it warmed my heart and fed into my love of these characters. The plodding pacing, lack of payoff and disappointing elements were mostly worth it to me for the good parts, but this show really deserved to be so much better than it was. A lot of the problems I mentioned in my review of the first half not only remained, but worsened. There were definitely plenty of adorable moments, which you can see in my liveblog, but I can’t deny the show could have done so much more.

But we’ll start with things I enjoyed. I loved seeing Meiling again and her arc left me very satisfied. One thing I really love about magical girl shows is that they often have a far more complex and nuanced handling of the “romantic rival” girl character than other “more mature” media. They treat the girl in question more like an actual person than a catty stereotype and eventually the focus turns away from the guy and more towards girls building a positive relationship.

And Meiling is a perfect example of that and I adore her. She started out seeming like a one-dimensional annoying clingy romantic rival character, but as the show went on, she gained more depth and formed really adorable relationships with Sakura and Tomoyo. Her pain, her struggles, her insecurities- they all became real to the viewer. The scene where she’s crying over Syaoran but admits that as much as it pisses her off, she can’t take out her pain on Sakura because she likes her too, is one of the most heart-wrenching in the show.

Meiling’s arc in Clear Card was the perfect cap on that. We finally got to see how Meiling and Sakura interact without the tension of Meiling’s crush on Syaoran in the picture. Her former crush on him wasn’t even mentioned once- they are entirely friends on their own terms. It was great to see how the relationship has so completely evolved. And it was also great to see Meiling and Syaoran interact without that baggage and it really bought home how much better the two of them understand each other now. Where Syaoran would unintentionally make Meiling feel like she was a useless burden to him before in the original series, here he goes out of his way to tell her that he appreciates her and that she shouldn’t feel like she contributes less due to her lack of magic.

Meanwhile, Meiling was worried about him and since she was a family member, she was more aware of his mysterious struggles than anyone else. But she was not overly focused on him and was capable of giving him space. She was also much more confident around him and was able to roll her eyes at what a loser he was and tease him about it, something she really didn’t do before because she was too busy mooning over him, so it was very cathartic to see her do it here.

Seeing Sakura and Meiling have a proper team-up was fantastic too. I’m always down for the power of girls holding hands saving the day, but this was satisfying in other ways too! Meiling always had a lot of confidence issues about her lack of magic in comparison to the others, so seeing her straight up take charge in a fight and protect and guide Sakura was such a great thing for her character. The “twins” episode in the original anime had Meiling learn she was useful as a partner by teaming up with Syaoran, but here she learns she can even be a good leader if it comes down to it by taking charge with Sakura. Meiling’s arc really builds on what came before it in a positive and satisfying way, and was exactly the kind of thing I was hoping for when Clear Card was announced.

Seeing Meiling now being comfortable enough to be on a first name basis with Sakura was icing on the cake (not to mention a very shippy moment, considering it’s explicitly compared to Syaoran and Sakura’s relationship). This was the kind of relationship progression I wanted from Clear Card. And there were a few other moments that delivered that kind of satisfaction! Sakura’s dad’s conversation with Touya near the end, a short moment with Touya and Yue….

But that sadly wasn’t true for the majority of the series. Most of the season felt terribly stagnant and sloppily paced with the characters not progressing at all and a lot of build up with no pay-off.

Continue reading “Spring 2018 Anime Overview (Ordered from Weakest to Strongest)”

The final reflection on Attack on Titan: How the narrative failed its potential in regards to gender and queer themes- also some extra stuff.

Reflection 1: How the narrative failed its premise

Reflection 2: How the narrative failed its characters

Okay, this is my final reflection on Attack on Titan, and it’s thankfully shorter than the other two. After this, I’ll have gotten it all out of my system, hopefully for quite a while.

The final big reason I have for why Attack on Titan initially caught my eye was because it actually seemed to treat its female characters like, y’know, human beings. The cast included way more women than most shonen manga does and even more shockingly, none of them were ever sexualized or treated as eye candy (in the manga moreso than the anime).

Isayama’s art style was pretty gender ambiguous a lot of time, the women weren’t drawn differently than the men really- slighter and smaller, sometimes you could see they had breasts somewhere, but that’s it. (The ‘Female Titan’ being a glaring exception). Mikasa was allowed to be as muscular as a lot of the boys. Even Christa/Historia, who was canonically supposed to be smokin’ hot, wasn’t drawn in a “sexy’ way. I read a good chunk of the manga, and I can’t recall one instance of a woman being drawn in an objectifying way. That was kinda incredible. Sadly, not a lot of manga (or media period) hops over that low bar.


Isayama was in fact so comfortable with gender ambiguity, that he requested no gendered pronouns be used in regards to Hange, making them effectively canonically non-binary, or at least intentionally non-gendered. That’s was really cool when it happened. there’s no denying it, it’s not something you see often.

There was a variety of women, a variety of relationships and they all seemed to be important to the narrative. They were treated as just as capable in combat, and the story didn’t make a big deal about gender overall.

And we had wlw! Wlw, who were, at first, well written and complex. Who were just as messy and flawed as the others, whose story felt at first like it would be important and major to the story. I can still remember how excited I was about Ymir and Historia. Even after I lost interest in the rest of the manga, I still couldn’t let them go.


I still remember a post I saw talking about the scene where Historia and Ymir are arguing over whether they can save the boy suffering from hypothermia and Ymir reveals she knows Historia doesn’t really care about him and how she sees through to her martyr complex, etc. This nameless boy only exists as a prop to motivate character development and relationship building between these two queer women. How incredibly rare is that to see? Female characters have been props for male development a million times, but here for once, we see women being valued more by the narrative, even if it was for just one arc. What a thing.

But let’s look beyond that. Let’s look at how Ymir and Historia ended up.


My previous post goes into a bit more detail, but here’s the gist. Ymir dies without even getting to kiss or say goodbye to her partner, and the surviving wlw (Historia) is now straight-up forced to become a baby factory for The Sake of the Country, so the main character man can feel sad about it. Yep, it’s not enough that her girlfriend dies!  She has to become the dead-inside-seed-receptacle for some dude! That’s what wlw get in AOT land!

And there’s more!


God, it makes me roll my eyes in the back of my head to even THINK about Reiner and Bertholdt. The signs Isayama didn’t know what the hell he was doing with his characters were there from the beginning with them. The fandom was so excited by their apparent relationship. Except the writing surrounding them was so goddamn confusing and messy it wasn’t clear what Isayama ever even intended with that. Like, when Reiner implied he was gay to Ymir, was that an act? Did only his fake personality have a crush on Christa or was that real? What was with Bertholdt suddenly being in love with Annie with zero foreshadowing of that? Remember that shit? Remember how we thought it’d all go somewhere or be explained at all?

Nope! I guess the queer implications were just some weird, poorly written fake out. Now one guy’s dead and the other’s alone, so even if they really HAD been queer, we lose.

At the end of the day Attack on Titan just gives us the same bullshit most other media gave us- being gay means suffering, so either die or go fulfill your true purpose and make babies.

But! You might say! There’s still a lot of women in this story! And I want you to consider something.


Every single girl from the original squad except for Mikasa (whose life continues to revolve around Eren of course) is now dead, a hunk of crystal or forced to go make babies in the countryside. Yes. Every single one. I don’t care if more girls were introduced in the meantime. This alone shows how little regard AOT has for its female characters and what we can expect for the remaining ones, or for characters like Hange.

And this isn’t even getting into stuff like the unpleasantness surrounding the attempted sexual assault of Armin when he was disguised as a girl, the treatment of mental illness, etc. It’s bad, guys.

And we really should not be surprised it turned out this way.

We should not be surprised Isayama does not care about  progressiveness or his female characters at the end of the day. you cannot possibly expect a man who believes the rape and abuse of Korean women is justified to have anything remotely resembling “feminism” in his narrative (see this post for info about Isayama’s views). So I implore you, please try not to go around calling this narrative progressive anymore. It never was and it never can be as long as its written by a war crimes apologist, a rape apologist and just a bad person overall.


That’s the end of the essay, but I also have some additional analysis from replies I made on tumblr I’d like to archive here. Under the cut, I compare and contrast Fullmetal Alchemist and Attack on Titan, and I speculate on the specific brand of nationalism Isayama believes in.
Continue reading “The final reflection on Attack on Titan: How the narrative failed its potential in regards to gender and queer themes- also some extra stuff.”

Reflecting on Attack on Titan: How the narrative failed its characters

I did a breakdown of how Attack on Titan failed the potential of its premise due to its commitment to being edgy fascist garbage, but I also want to talk about how it failed a bunch of characters who were brimming with potential.

(This is gonna be messy and loooong, because I have a lot of feelings. Someone on the last post noted my “rhetoric blows” and I will freely admit I’m not really trying for coherent “rhetoric” here, I’m just venting my frustration so I can get it all out of me and move on).

Yes, it wasn’t solely the premise that drew me and so many others to Attack on Titan and its potential. There were a lot of unique and exciting elements with the way this shonen manga handled its characters.

I said before that Isayama never cared about his characters, but that was a bit of a exaggeration. I think he did start out caring about some of them…it’s just he quickly got bored with them and started treating them solely as tools to serve the “plot” and the screwed message he wanted to impart.


Isayama does have one strength as a character writer- he excels at  showing characters who are messy, flawed and selfish but nevertheless sympathetic. Nobody in Attack on Titan is a classic unselfish “pure” hero, they are all deeply flawed. Isayama’s characters were compelling in the beginning because of that. He allowed his characters to exhibit cowardice, he allowed them to fail spectacularly, and that made Attack on Titan stand out. Despire the melodrama of their situations, actions and personalities, there’s a rawness to (most of) his characters that fits the horror of the setting.

Even the protag Eren, who a lot of people dislike or find easily the most boring character (honestly I found Levi the most boring though), has this ugliness to him that makes him distinct from the billion other teen boy protags in shonen. He is genuinely unstable and honestly a bit disturbing, as this collection of weird murderfaces he makes shows (behold my post popular aot post, ah memories).His obsession with killing Titans was unsettling, it was the classic determination of a shonen hero through a screwed up horror lens, this kid ain’t all right.


Historia especially resonated me because she was TRYING to be that classic pure heroine- but she was selfish like everyone else deep down. She just wanted to be SEEN as an pure-hearted martyr who sacrificed for others, when really all she was doing was giving into her suicidal urges. It was criticism of the very concept of the “immaculate woman”, and that’s pretty cool. So was the fact she was seen through by Ymir, someone who embraces selfishness in all other aspects of her life but is ultimately selfless when it comes to her love for Historia…that’s some good shit. It’s fantastic as a character concept, and Ymir and Historia’s initial character writing and backstory will stick with me because it was genuinely good in all its melodrama.

Historia and Ymir were nuanced queer characters whose relationships were fleshed out well. I do believe Isayama put care into crafting their initial arcs and developing them.

But then we run into a problem. A problem that eventually we run into with every character in AOT. Isayama stops caring about them. After their initial big arcs or moments in the spotlight or backstory reveals, he just doesn’t know what to do with these characters anymore. So they completely disapppear from the manga or fade into the background only to matter again when he decides to kill them off for some cheap shock moment. Either that, or they just exist to further the narrative of how the military is cool and we have to exterminate all our enemies and blablabla.

Because he ultimately cares about that narrative far, far more than he does giving these characters the full stories that resonate, make sense and are effectively paced. He’s completely willing to undo all the character work he did previously if it means he can be edgy or impress his ideals on the reader.


That’s why Ymir and Historia have this dramatic parting that gets the audience pumped to see what happens to both of them and when they’ll reunite…only for Ymir to just completely disappear from the narrative, then be killed offscreen without even really re-entering the story again. That’s why Historia has this whole big arc about reclaiming her agency, resisting her abusive family and learning to live for herself…only to be intimidated into becoming Queen even though she’s not super into it, because she needs to serve the military and NOT live for herself after all, I guess? And oh, now she’s numbly accepted her duty to endlessly make babies for the sake of the nation! Turns out her real purpose is to be something for the other characters to be sad about.

Isayama got bored with Historia’s arc and Ymir’s arc and their relationship. He may have fun coming up with characters backstories and the big dramatic moments, but once those are over? He doesn’t care enough to do the work to conclude their stories. He gets distracted by his next plot point, his next action scene. The characters are toys he discards or breaks for the sake of either some edgy ‘anyone can die!’ moment or to push forward whatever new stupid plot point he’s thought up for his fascist narrative. (Links to evidence of Isayama’s views in this post).

Continue reading “Reflecting on Attack on Titan: How the narrative failed its characters”

Reflecting on Attack on Titan: How the narrative failed its premise.

I apologize for dwelling so much on something I no longer like with Attack on Titan, it’s just such a fascinating trainwreck, even though I hopped off the train just in time I have to look back at it periodically and be horrified yet morbidly reflective. I do find it disturbing people are denying the imperialist subtext here because it barely qualifies as subtext anymore at this point, so I do think noting it is valuable as long as fandom continues to be denial.

I just keep wondering at myself why I was drawn to AOT in the first place and HOW I didn’t see this coming- I think reflecting on that is valuable so I’ll see the warning signs earlier with other media.

It also helps me consider what makes a good narrative and what elements can appear compelling only to be squandered.


Because honestly, there WAS so much potential there, and though it’s a struggle, I CAN remember what excited me about it. There was a good horror concept here. It really did make me feel what the terror would be, to have this unknowable, ravenous threat that could so easily wipe out everything, to have to trap yourself to avoid it. The huge walls, the striking visuals, the displays of human weakness and terror, the visceral aspect of it all- it was compelling stuff. And also importantly, it kind of rode that line where it was very easy to laugh at as well- the memes involving the titans were a TON of fun in the heyday of AOT, the bizarre way the various ones were drawn were so funny, the peak melodrama of the situation was so absurd it almost made fun of itself, especially with all the exaggerated expressions- the fandom had a lot of fun with it.

And the concept COULD have gone somewhere that was compelling, rather than boring fascist nonsense. While the components of fascist narrative were present from the beginning- a grotesque invading threat the military, the protags, as heroes, must fight- there was potential in the premise for all that to be subverted, for it to ultimately go somewhere not fascist. The Titans turning out to be fellow humans, even your former loved ones, could have been more than a footnote.


The titans actually being people only ended up mattering in the sense of “this shows us the REAL threat is this other race that trapped us here and in fact we must use the titans to defeat them”. It didn’t ultimately change the characters or their ideals, it just made them change enemies (to a much, much more boring threat and narrative). But it COULD have been a game changer that shook the characters to their core. A very natural place for this revelation to lead would have been “it turns out there is no clear enemy. We’ve been fighting ourselves this whole time. We thought we were killing something monstrous, but it wasn’t, it was the people we love. We were used. Now what do we do?”  It could have been a story of the characters struggling to answer that question. How can they seek freedom now?

And if you really want a “dismantle the corrupt government” plotline, it would be a much simpler and stronger narrative if it was simply about the government pushing for Titan extermination despite the revelation, because they prioritized their own safety above all else and also wanted to erase past mistakes.

What if the Titans had simply been the result of horrific human experimentation done in the past and the government just wanted to cover it up? That’s it. no other countries, no emphasis on royal bloodlines or magic amnesia or any other convoluted bullshit. The reason people responded to Attack on Titan was NOT because they love convoluted royal drama or covoluted wars between opposing countries, that was not even a factor in the beginning…it was because it touched on this very simple, visceral thrill, so the story needed to keep being simple and visceral.

The final struggle of the narrative, the key to freedom, could have been the characters having the re-evaluate their worldviews and the character having to struggle to find an alternate method to deal with the titans while society goes against them for doing so.

The survey corps is disbanded. Eren, who could only deal with his grief by focusing on obliterating a clear enemy, now doesn’t have that and is forced to actually grow as a character. He has to actually confront his guilt and the fact his desire to construct an inhuman opponent he could fight was all so he didn’t have to deal with survivors guilt, because he wanted something that was black and white with no messy emotions attached. but it turns out nothing ever is that simple.

Or hey, maybe there’s something more compelling and less predictable you could do to subvert the fascist elements. I’m only doing this off the top of my head, there are probably a million ways the story could go in a more interesting direction than the shitstorm we got if someone actually focused and creative puts their mind to it.

Continue reading “Reflecting on Attack on Titan: How the narrative failed its premise.”